Emergency lighting systems should be designed for all civil structures where a power cut or mains supply failure may cause a risk of injury or death to the public, a major environmental hazard or substantial property damage (Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of 12 April 2002). Journal of Laws No. 75, Item 690, as amended; Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of 12 March 2009, Journal of Laws No. 56, Item 461 and Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of 10 December 2010, Journal of Laws No. 239, Item 1597).
According to the law, emergency lighting is required:
1. In enclosed spaces of:
- cinema, theatre and concerts halls, as well as other venues,
- conference rooms, lecture theatres, entertainment establishments and sports halls for more than 200 people,
- exhibition rooms in museums,
- areas exceeding 1000 m2 in car parks provided with artificial source of light only.
2. In escape and exit routes:
- in the rooms and areas specified in Section 1 above,
- provided with artificial sources of light only,
- at hospitals and similar facilities, as well as other buildings intended for people with a limited ability to move,
- in multi-storey and high-rise public buildings and residential buildings.
3. In temporary buildings and structures, if intended as entertainment venues or other places of assembly.
4. In air-supported structures, if used as temporary production or storage facilities, where the fire load density of the fire zone does not exceed 1000MJ/m².
5. In temporary structures (tents) intended as entertainment venues.
6. Control rooms and technical rooms at gas compressor stations (and elsewhere on the premises of such stations).